The Chavín

Chavín de Huantar Civilization











Compendium of Knowledge 35%
Students will form small learning communities to collaboratively build Compendiums of Knowledge. Each compendium will include essays introducing select civilizations and their creative cultural products. The essays will offer formal, iconographic, and ethnohistorical analysis. Additionally, each Compendium will include a timeline composed of key events and works. At the midterm, Compendiums will be checked for progress, organization, and design. This midterm evaluation will be worth 75 points. At the end of the semester, Compendiums will be bound or packaged, and evaluated on content, handling of materials, and overall communication of knowledge. Groups may earn up to 100 points on this final evaluation.
Proposed Revision:
After the midterm, students will organize and direct class discussion of Andean Civilizations either alone or as a pair. Half of class time (about 30 minutes) will be given to student voices. Students may earn up to 50 points for their demonstration and sharing of knowledge.
During our scheduled final exam time, students will be offered a final opportunity to present on a single work that was of significant meaning or impact. Students may choose to craft a poster, Powerpoint presentation, essay, or handout (please forward to instructor at least one day in advance for copying) to convey an understanding of the work's meaning. Students will be evaluated on their demonstration of learning, critical thinking, verbal communication, and visual communication skills. Students will also be asked to submit written documentation of their presentations that include CMS Bibliography notes for sources used in the preparation of their presentations.










































Art Periods of the Central Andes
10,000 - 3000 BCE
Cotton Pre-Ceramic
3000 - 1800 BCE
Initial Period
1800 -1000 BCE
Early Horizon
1000 - 200 BCE
Early Intermediate Period
200BC - AD 500
Middle Horizon
AD 500 - 900
Late Intermediate Period
900 - 1400











Andean Worldview
  • Collectivity
  • Reciprocity
  • Transformation
  • Essence










Guitarrero Cave Textile, 8,000 - 5,000 BCE.










Chinchorro Mummies, 5000 BCE.










Reconstructed Huaca Prieta twined textile, Cotton Pre-Ceramic.
Drawing of a Huaca Prieta twined composition, Cotton Pre-Ceramic.











Several important Andean artforms established in Cotton Pre-Ceramic period:
  • Large, elaborate earrings
    • Primarily worn by men
  • Mosaic mirrors
  • Featherwork
  • Female effigies
Pectoral, Chavín, Peru, 10th - 5th century BCE.











Kotosh, Peru, first constructed, Cotton Pre-Ceramic, c. 2450 BCE.











Adobe reliefs in the Temple of the Crossed Hands, Chavín, Cotton Pre-Ceramic.











Adobe reliefs in the Temple of the Crossed Hands, Chavín, Cotton Pre-Ceramic.











Reconstruction drawing of the U-shaped Huaca la Florida, Rimac Valley, c. 2000 BCE.











Head at Huaca de los Reyes











Plan of the main structure at Moxeke, Initial Period.











Reconstruction of Moxeke Idols











Cerro Sechín’s walled temple, Initial Period.











Cerro Secnín Reliefs, Initial Period.