The Aztecs
     

Moctezuma II's Headdress?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

El Castillo, Chichen Itza, Early Postclassic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

El Castillo during Fall Equinox, Chichen Itza, Early Postclassic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chacmool from the Palace at Tula, Early Postclassic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ballcourt, Chichen Itza, Early Postclassic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ballcourt Relief, Chichen Itza, Early Postclassic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maya sacrificial scene
Purposes of Maya Blood Sacrifice:
  • to appease an angry god
  • to balance the forces of nature
  • to beseech a higher power
  • to divine the future
Sacrificial Scene, Maya, 850 - 1050 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chichen Itza Cenote

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Codex Style Pot, Maya

 

Important Mayan gods
Itzamna - father of the gods
Ix Chel - mother of the gods
Chaak - rain god
Kukulcan - (Feathered Serpent) god of ruling caste
Maize god
K'awil - god of lineage
Fire god

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2500 BC
2000 BC
1500 BC
1000 BC
500 BC
BC
AD
500
1000
1550
PRECLASSIC OR FORMATIVE
CLASSIC
POSTCLASSIC
Early
E1500 BC - 900 BCE
Middle
900 BCE - 250 BCE
Late
250 BCE -
AD 250
Early
250 - 600
Late
600 - 900
Early
900 - 1200
Late
1200 - 1521
West Mexican Cultures 1500 BC - AD 1530
Olmec 1200 BCE - 600 BCE
Tres Zapotes 900 BCE - 600 BCE
 
San Lorenzo 900 BCE - 600 BCE
 
La Venta 900 BCE - 600 BCE
 
Teotihuacan 150 BCE - AD 750
 
Zapotec 400 - 800
Monte Alban 400 - 800
Totonac 500 - 1521
   
Toltec 900 - 1200
   
Mixtec 1200 - 1525
   
Aztec 1350 - 1521
Tenochtitlan 1350 - 1521
 
Texcoco 1350 - 1521
 
Maya 250 BC - AD 1000
   
Cerros 250 BC - AD 200
   
Tikal 200 BC - AD 800
   
Piedras Negras 300 - 800
   
Uxmal 700 - 1000
 
Copan 600 - 800
   
Toltec - Maya 1000 - 1200
   
Chichen Itza 1000 - 1200
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birth of Aztecs from womb of Mount Chicomoztoc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reigning Monarchs of Aztec State
Acamapichtli
1375 - 1395
Huitzilihuitl
1396 - 1417
Chimalpopoca
1417 - 1426
Itzcoatl
1427 - 1440
Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina
1440 - 1469
Axayacatl
1469 - 1481
Tizoc
1481 - 1486
Ahuitzotl
1486 - 1502
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (last independent ruler of the Aztecs)
1502 - 1520
Cuitlahuac
1520
Cuauhtemoc
1520 - 1525
Folio 2, Codex Mendoza, Aztec, Mid 16th Century
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coatlicue, Aztec, Late Postclassic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duality

Double-faced female figurine, early formative period, Tlatilco, c. 1500 – 1200 BCE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

back
side

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

underneath

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Great Temple at Tenochtitlan
  • Represented fundamental center of Aztec world
    • Sacred mountain
  • Duality of Aztec cosmos
    • Contrast between rain and crop fertility vs. war and continued survival of current age
  • Two temples on summit
    • Left temple dedicated to Tlaloc (god of water)
    • Right temple dedicated to Huitzilopochtili (associated with sun)
Artist's rendition of Tenochtitlan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Templo Mayor ruins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan of the Great Temple, Tenochtitlan, Aztec, Late Postclassic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chacmool, Temple Mayor, Aztec, 1350 - 1486.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colossal stone relief of the dismembered goddess Coyolxauhqui, Aztec, Late Postclassic.