Tikal, Early Classic.











Bureaucratic Structures


Maya, Tikal, North Acropolis, Early Classic.











Ancestor Memorials


Preclassic kings buried in these types of structures
  • Built for the 26th ruler, Jasaw
  • East West axis
  • 145 feet high
  • Allowed ruler access to sky levels
Maya, Tikal, Temple 1 (Temple of the Grand Jaguar), Early Classic. 144 feet tall, faces west. Constructed by  Jasaw Chan K'awiil.










Fundamental Elements of Maya Architecture:
  • elevated platforms
  • stairs
  • corbel-vaulted chambers


Temple II (Temple of the Masks), Tikal, Early Classic. 122 feet tall, facing east. Constructed by Chan K'awiil.











It was from here that kings -- the human manifestation of the central axis linking the Underworld, Middle World and the Sky World -- used trance and ritual as the means to open a doorway into the supernatural world through which they could communicate with the gods. Each repetition of ritual accumulated energy which made a temple-pyramid increasingly sacred.
Temple IV (Temple of theTwo-Headed Serpent), Tikal, Early Classic. Constructed by Yax Kin c. 734 CE.











Stela 4, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, Tikal, Stela 29, Early Classic.











Maya, Stela 31, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, Stela 29, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, The Leiden Plate, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, Jade Bat Belt assemblage, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, Tripod Effigy Vessel, Tikal, Early Classic.











Maya, Fire God Effigy, Tikal, Early Classic.