June 28
The Aztecs

 

 

Reminder, Exam #1 tomorrow!

 

 

 

 

Birth of Aztecs from womb of Mount Chicomoztoc
Townsend, Richard F. ed. The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1992.

 

 

 

 

Valley of Mexico

Map of Valley of Mexico
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Folio 2

Folio 2, Codex Mendoza. Aztec. Mid-sixteenth century.
Townsend, Richard F. ed. The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1992.

 

 

 

 

Reigning Monarchs of Aztec State
Acamapichtli
1375-1395
Huitzilihuitl
1396-1417
Chimalpopoca
1417-1426
Itzcoatl
1427-1440
Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina
1440-1469
Axayacatl
1469-1481
Tizoc
1481-1486
Ahuitzotl
1486-1502
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (last independent ruler of the Aztecs)
1502-1520
Cuitlahuac
1520
Cuauhtemoc
1520-1525

 

 

 

 

Coatlicue

Coatlicue. Aztec. Late Postclassic.
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Coatlicue back
Coatlicue side
Coatlicue bottom
Pasztory, Esther. Aztec Art. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

 

 

 

Great Temple site

Plan of Great Temple
Coe, Michael D. and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. Fifth edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

Coyolxaulhqui

Colossal stone relief of the dismembered goddess Coyolxauhqui. Aztec. Late Post-Classic.
Townsend, Richard F. ed. The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1992.

 

 

 

 

Great Temple site

Great Temple site
Coe, Michael D. and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. Fifth edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

 

Calendar Stone

The Great Calendar Stone. Aztec. Late Postclassic.
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Four Cardinal Directions of the Aztec
 
Associated color
Associated god
North
Black
Tezcatlipoca
West
White
Quetzalcoatl
South
Blue
Huitzilopochtli
East
Red
Xipe-Totec

 

 

 

 

 

Five Ages
 
Sun
Start Date
End Date
Name
Cataclysm
1st
20,238 BC
16,230 BC
4 Tiger
Devoured by jaguars
2nd
16,230 BC
12,220 BC
4 Wind
Great winds
3rd
12,220 BC
8139 BC
4 Rain
Fiery rain
4th
8139 BC
3113 BC
4 Water
Floods
5th
3113 BC
2012 AD
4 Movement
Earthquake

 

 

Calendar Stone

 

 

 

 

 

Eagle Warrior

Eagle Warrior. Aztec. Late Postclassic.
Coe, Michael D. and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. Fifth edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

 

Chacmool

Chacmool. Tenochtitlan. 1350-1486.
Coe, Michael D. and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. Fifth edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

 

Feather Headdress

Feather headdress. Aztec. Late Postclassic.
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Tezcatlipoca

Tezcatlipoca. Aztec. Late Postclassic.
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Turquoise Mask

Wooden Aztec mask encrusted with turquoise mosaic and shell
Coe, Michael D. and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. Fifth edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

 

sacrificial knife

Sacrificial Knife. Mixtec-Aztec. 1350-1521.
Pasztory, Esther. Aztec Art. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

 

 

 

 

gold pectoral

Gold pectoral. Monte Alban. Late Postclassic.
Miller, Mary Ellen. Art of Mesoamerica. Revised edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

 

 

 

The Spanish Conquest