High Renaissance in the North and Italy

Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg Germany on October 31, 1517.










The Protestant Reformation
Four Apostles
1517 Luther post the "95 Theses"
95 Reforms he demands the Catholic Church make
Especially critical of the sale of indulgences
  • to rid the Church of pagan practices and rituals
  • promote importance of individual faith
  • thought devotion to the saints was distracting
  • placed responsibility on the faithful to read and interpret Bible for themselves
Albrecht Dürer, Four Apostles, 1526.











Isenheim Altarpiece (closed)

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), c. 1512 - 1515.











Diagram of the Isenheim Altarpiece











Jesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum = Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews
"The victims had no hope of recovery and this image was intended to bring them comfort and to reinforce their faith- the message is that Christ, whose broken body is shown covered in sores like those caused by the plague, understands their condition and suffers with them and for them." - Marilyn Stokstad











Durer Self-Portrait

Albrecht Dürer, Self-portrait, 1500.






















Albrecht Dürer, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1497- 1498.










Durer Self-Portrait

Albrecht Dürer, Self-portrait, 1500.
Michelangelo, Pietà, c. 1500.











Michelangelo, David, 1501 - 1504.











Blake Griffin for ESPN, 2011.











Donatello, David, c.1446 - 1460.
Michelangelo, David, 1501 - 1504.











Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel ceiling, 1508 - 1512.











Michelangelo, The Creation of Adam, Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1508 - 1512.

































Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour