Renaissance Innovation

"Art is never finished, only abandoned." - Leonardo da Vinci










Andrea del Castagno, Last Supper, c. 1445 - 1450.











Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1417 - 1436.











the dome of the Florence Cathedral incorporates Gothic and Renaissance elements:
Gothic elements:
Renaissance elements:
Pointed arch
Octagonal outer shell










Architectural View, Wall painting from a villa at Boscoreale, near Naples, 1st century BCE.











Masaccio, Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors, c. 1425 - 1428.





















linear perspective = a system for representing three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines


Raphael, School of Athens, c. 1510 - 1511.





















Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427.












Andrea Mantegna,
frescoes in the Camera Picta, 1465 - 1474.
Andrea Mantegna, detail of the
ceiling of the Camera degli Sposi, 1465 - 1474.


Camera degli Sposi = Room of the Newlyweds
first completely illusionistic decoration of an entire room
first "di sotto in su" fresco (from below upwards)





















Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, c. 1501. Tempera on canvas.











Albrecht Dürer, Artist and model with perspective grid, from Instruction in Measurement
with Compass and Ruler, in Lines, Planes, and Whole Bodies
, 1525.