Renaissance Innovation
 

"Art is never finished, only abandoned." - Leonardo da Vinci

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea del Castagno, Last Supper, c. 1445 - 1450.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1417 - 1436.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the dome of the Florence Cathedral incorporates Gothic and Renaissance elements:
 
   
Gothic elements:
Renaissance elements:
Pointed arch
Oculus
Ribs
Lantern
Octagonal outer shell
Self-buttressing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Architectural View, Wall painting from a villa at Boscoreale, near Naples, 1st century BCE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Masaccio, Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors, c. 1425 - 1428.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

linear perspective = a system for representing three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines

 

Raphael, School of Athens, c. 1510 - 1511.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea Mantegna,
frescoes in the Camera Picta, 1465 - 1474.
Andrea Mantegna, detail of the
ceiling of the Camera degli Sposi, 1465 - 1474.

 

Camera degli Sposi = Room of the Newlyweds
 
first completely illusionistic decoration of an entire room
 
first "di sotto in su" fresco (from below upwards)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, c. 1501. Tempera on canvas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Albrecht Dürer, Artist and model with perspective grid, from Instruction in Measurement
with Compass and Ruler, in Lines, Planes, and Whole Bodies
, 1525.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandro Botticelli, Primavera, c. 1482.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Botticelli's Style:
  • Emphasis on drawing and line
  • Outlined figures
  • Shallow modeling / light shading
  • Little concern with deep space
 
tempera paint
 
Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1484 - 1486.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1484 - 1486.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neo-Platonism
  • Renaissance philosophy that liberally merged Christian and pagan doctrine
  • Proposed that all life was linked to God by a spiritual circuit
  • Therefore, all revelation (whether from the Bible, Plato or classic myth) was one
  • Beauty, love and spiritual ecstasy were all the same thing
  • One could attain spiritual ecstasy through the contemplation of beauty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contrapposto = an Italian term meaning "set against," used to describe the twisted pose resulting from parts of the body set in opposition to each other around a central axis
Kritios Boy, c. 480 BCE.
Donatello, David, c. 1446 - 1460.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contrapposto = an Italian term meaning "set against," used to describe the twisted pose resulting from parts of the body set in opposition to each other around a central axis
 
 
first free-standing life-sized nude sculpture since antiquity
Donatello, David, c. 1446 - 1460.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donatello, David, c. 1446 - 1460.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High Renaissance
1495 - 1520
 
  • Concept of the "Renaissance ideal" fully adopted by the aristocracy
  • Artists recognized as intellectuals rather than craftsmen
  • Artists receive more commissions from private sources
  • Oil on canvas becomes preferred painting media
 
Leonardo da Vinci, study for Virgin and Child with
St. Anne and John the Baptist, 1499 - 1500.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495 - 1498.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495 - 1498, photographed in 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restored refrectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Refrectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan after bombing in allied raid, 1943