High Renaissance
 

"The noblest pleasure is the joy of understanding." - Leonardo da Vinci

 
Essay 1 Due on Blackboard
Michelangelo, Delphica from the Sistine Chapel Ceiling,
1508 - 1512.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Renaissance in Quattrocento Italy

 

Andrea del Castagno, Last Supper, c. 1445 - 1450.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antonio Pollaiuolo, Battle of Ten Nudes (or Battle of Nude Men), c. 1465.
Engraving, 15 1/8 X 23 3/16 inches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandro Botticelli, Primavera, c. 1482.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Botticelli's Style:
  • Emphasis on drawing and line
  • Outlined figures
  • Shallow modeling / light shading
  • Little concern with deep space
 
tempra paint
 
Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1484 - 1486.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neo-Platonism
  • Renaissance philosophy that liberally merged Christian and pagan doctrine
  • Proposed that all life was linked to God by a spiritual circuit
  • Therefore, all revelation (whether from the Bible, Plato or classic myth) was one
  • Beauty, love and spiritual ecstasy were all the same thing
  • One could attain spiritual ecstasy through the contemplation of beauty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contrapposto = an Italian term meaning "set against," used to describe the twisted pose resulting from parts of the body set in opposition to each other around a central axis
 
 
first free-standing life-sized nude sculpture since antiquity
Donatello, David, c. 1446 - 1460.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea Montegna,
frescoes in the Camera Picta, 1465 - 1474.
Andrea Mantengna, detail of the
ceiling of the Camera degli Sposi, 1465 - 1474.

 

Camera degli Sposi = Room of the Newlyweds
 
first completely illusionistic decoration of an entire room
 
first "di sotto in su" fresco (from below upwards)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, c. 1501. Tempera on canvas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Albrecht Dürer, Artist and model with perspective grid, from Instruction in Measurement
with Compass and Ruler, in Lines, Planes, and Whole Bodies
, 1525.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High Renaissance
1495 - 1520
 
  • Concept of the "Renaissance ideal" fully adopted by the aristocracy
  • Artists recognized as intellectuals rather than craftsmen
  • Artists receive more commissions from private sources
  • Oil on canvas becomes preferred painting media
 
Leonardo da Vinci, study for Virgin and Child with
St. Anne and John the Baptist, 1499 - 1500.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495 - 1498.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495 - 1498.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, c. 1503.

 

 

Sfumato = Italian for "gone up in smoke." In painting, the effect of haze in an image. Resembling the color of the atmosphere at dusk, sfumato gives a smoky effect.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domenico Ghirlandaio, Giovanna Tornabuoni nee Albizzi, 1488.
Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, c. 1503.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Raphael's style:
Idealized faces/ figures
Graceful pose
Superb draftsmanship
Pyramidal compositon
Raphael, Madonna of the Meadow, 1505 - 1506.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raphael, Stanza della Segnatura, Cardinal Virtues under Justice (left) Disputa (right), 1510-1511.
Raphael, Stanza della Segnatura, Parnassus (left) School of Athens(right), 1510-1511.

 

Themes of the Stanza della Segnatura:
Theme
 
Title
 
Philosophy
 
School of Athens
Theology
 
Disputà
Poetry
 
Parnassus
Law
 
Cardinal Virtues Under Justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School of Athens

Raphael, School of Athens, c. 1510 - 1511.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo, Pietà, c. 1500.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo, David, 1501 - 1504.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blake Griffin for ESPN, 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donatello, David, c.1446 - 1460.
Michelangelo, David, 1501 - 1504.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel ceiling, 1508 - 1512.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour