Symbols in Disguise

"If people knew how hard I worked to get my mastery, it wouldn't seem so wonderful at all." - Michelangelo Buonarroti

 
Reminder! Essay 1 Due on Monday!!!
Michelangelo, Moses from the Tomb of Pope Julius II, c. 1513 - 1515.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami, 1434.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami (detail), 1434.

 

 

glaze = a thin layer of translucent oil paint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arnolfini Marriage
Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned,
c. 1280 - 1290. Tempera on panel.
Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini (?) and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami (?), 1434. Oil on panel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panofsky's Three Levels of Art Historical Understanding:
  • Primary or natural subject matter - the most basic level of understanding; identification of objects and subjects in a work without cultural understanding of the elements.
  • Secondary or conventional - considers the cultural context of a work and its iconographic or symbolic meaning.
  • Tertiary or intrinsic - considers the personal, technical, and cultral context of the work along with its iconographic meaning. This level of understanding sees the work as a product of a socio-cultural environment and seeks to synthesize multiple layers of understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rogier van der Weyden, Deposition, c. 1442.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Van der Weyden's style:
Solid, dimensional figures
Individualized portraits
High emotionalism
Balanced color scheme
trompe l'oeil = "fools the eye," a form of illusionistic painting that attempts to represent an object as existing in three dimensions at the surface of the painting
Rogier Van der Weyden, Crucifixion, c. 1440.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idealization = a process in art through which artists strive to make their forms and figures attain perfection, based on pervading cultural values and/ or their own mental image of beauty

 

Rogier van der Weyden, Portrait of a Lady, c. 1460.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, c. 1474 - 1476.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, c. 1474 - 1476.
   
Symbolism in Portinari Alatarpiece:
Grain =
Bethlehem and Communion bread
 
Glass jar & white Iris =
purity of the Virgin
Purple columbine =
Virgin's sorrow
Three Irises =
holy trinity
Red carnations =
the Trinity
Red Lily =
blood of Christ
Discarded shoe =
holy ground
Columbines =
sorrow

Scarlet Lily =

blood and passion of Christ

 

 
   
Hierarchic/ hieratic scale = the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate importance. The larger the figure, the greater the importance