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Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Princesse de Broglie,1851 - 1853.











Eugene Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827.
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830.











Ingres vs. Delacroix
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Odalisque with a Slave, 1839 - 1840.
Eugene Delacroix, Women of Algiers, 1834.
Ingres appealed to those who favored line:
Delacroix appealed to those who favored color:
  • Superb draftsmanship
  • Supreme colorist
  • Emphasis on line
  • Emphasis on drama and emotion
  • Ideal form
  • More painterly form
  • "Drawing includes three and a half quarters of the content of painting... Drawing contains everything, except the hue." - Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
  • "The artist who aims at perfection in everything achieves it in nothing." - Eugene Delacroix
  • Delacroix called the art of Ingres "the complete expression of an incomplete intellect"
  • Ingres was instrumental in preventing Delacroix's election into Academeie des Beaux Arts until 1857











Romantic landscape painting generally took two forms:
The dramatic:
The naturalistic:
  • Emphasized turbulent or fantastic natural scenery
  • Presented closely observed images of tranquil nature
  • Aimed to stir viewer's emotions and arouse feeling of the sublime
  • Meant to communicate religious reverence of the landscape
  • Sublime = tending to inspire awe because of outstanding spiritual, intellectual or moral worth
  • Counters the alienating effects of industrialization

Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer Above a Sea of Mist, c. 1818.
Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836.











Caspar David Friedrich, Monk by the Sea, 1808 - 1810.