Neoclassicism
 
The Swing
Francois Boucher, Diana After the Hunt, 1745.
Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hall of Mirrors

Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors, Palais de Versailles,
Begun 1678. Approx. 240' in length.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portuguese word "barroco" = irregularly shaped pearl
 
French word "rocaille" = artificial shell or rock ornament popular for gardens
 
Germain Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse, Hotel de Soubise, Begun 1732.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of the Rococo style:
  • Highly decorative
  • Lighthearted and playful
  • Element of fantasy and escape
 
Arabesque = linear surface decoration based on foliage and calligraphic forms, usually characterized by flowing lines and swirling shapes
Johann Balthasar Neumann, Kaisersaal (Imperial Hall),
1719 - 1744.
Frankfurt, Germany.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean-Antoine Watteau, Le Pelerinage a l'ile de Cithere (Pilgrimage to Cithera), 1717.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cythera = island of love and the island that Venus arrives on after her birth at sea
Pilgrimage to Cythera
"amor vincit omnia" - love conquers all
fetes galantes = elegant fetes or entertainments
 
Jean-Antoine Watteau, Le Pelerinage a l'ile de Cithere (Pilgrimage to Cithera), 1717.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Garden of Love

Peter Paul Rubens, The Garden of Love, c. 1638.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean-Antoine Watteau, The Signboard of Gersaint, c. 1721.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vanitas = an image in which the objects symbolize the transience of life and remind the viewer of their own impending doom. Vanitas paintings are usually still lifes or genre subjects

 
Vanitas elements:
  • Louis XIV portrait
  • Clock
  • Straw
  • Woman gazing into a mirror
Jean-Antoine Watteau, The Signboard of Gersaint, c. 1721.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were married in 1770 when he was 16 and she was 15
 
Louis-Auguste c. 1770
Joseph Ducreux, Marie Antoinette (at age 13), 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1774, he became the French King, and she became the Queen of France

Antoine-François Callet, Louis XVI in Coronation Robes, 1779.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette, 1778.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with Rose
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette en Chemise, 1783.
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette with Rose, 1783.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787.