Neoclassicism
   
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were married in 1770 when he was 16 and she was 15
 
Louis-Auguste c. 1770
Joseph Ducreux, Marie Antoinette, 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Swing
Francois Boucher, Diana After the Hunt, 1745.
Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1774, he became the French King, and she became the Queen of France

Louis XVII Coronation

Marie Antoinette 1778

Joseph Siffred Duplessis, 
Louis XVI in Coronation Robes, 1777.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette, 1778.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with Rose
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette en Chemise, 1783.
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette with Rose, 1783.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 - 1785. 10' 8 1/4" X 14'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neoclassicism = new classicism
 
Characteristics of the Neoclassic style:
  • "Severe" style with an emphasis on line, order and reason
  • Polished technique (no sign of the hand of the artist)
  • Classicizing
  • Idealized
  • Moral message
  • Clear detail
Jacques-Louis David, The Sabine Women, 1799.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Swing
Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Significant Events of the French Revolution
1789 - 1799
 
1789
Storming of the Bastille
 
Royal family removed from Versailles under house arrest
1792
After much persuassion, Louis XVI agrees to attempt escape, but the royal family is caught within 24 hours and returned to Paris.
 
Royal family imprisoned in prison tower
 
Monarchy abolished and National Convention becomes governing body
1793
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette convicted of high treason and beheaded
European states declare war against French Republic
1793 - 1795
Reign of Terror
Robespierre outlaws worship of God
40,000 suspected "royalists" killed
1796 - 1797
Napoleon conquers most of Italy
1798
Napoleon abolishes papal rule
1799
Napoleon controls France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of Marat
Jacobins = totalitarian democrats who abolished the French monarchy and presided over the reign of terror
 
The Reign of Terror = period during the French Revolution when all perceived opponents of democracy and royal supporters were killed
 
Jean-Paul Marat = Jacobin leader and writer/ publisher of several political journals
 
"I wrote to you this morning, Marat, have you received my letter? I could not believe you had, as they refused me admittance; I trust that tomorrow you will accord me an interview. I repeat that I come from Caen. I have secrets to reveal to you of the utmost importance to the safety of the Republic. Besides all this, I am persectured for the cause of liberty. I am unhappy; this itself is sufficient to give me a claim on your protection. Charlotte Corday"
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of Marat

Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.