Grand Manner
   
"Drawing includes three and a half quarters of the content of painting... Drawing contains everything, except the hue." - Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
 
"The artist who aims at perfection in everything achieves it in nothing." - Eugene Delacroix
 
Reminder! Exam 2 Due TONIGHT!
 
Architectural Analysis moved to November 16!!
Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Saint-Bernard, 1800 - 1801.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Gainsborough, Portrait of Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, 1785 - 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1769 Reynolds outlines his artistic theories in Discourses
Mrs. Siddons as Tragic Muse
  • Artists should follow rules derived from great masters
  • Artists should learn their craft by copying the great masters
  • Art should be universal rather than particular
  • Highest art form was history painting
 
Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse, 1784.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I'm sick of portraits, and wish very much to walk off to some sweet village where I can paint landscapes." - Sir Joshua Reynolds

 
Grand Manner = an elevated style of painting popular in the 18th century in which the artist looked to the ancients and the Renaissance for inspiration: for portraits as well as history painting, the artist would adopt poses, compositions and attitudes of Renaissance and antique models
 
Sir Joshua Reynolds, Diana Sackville, 1777.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mrs. Siddons as Tragic Muse
Mrs. Siddons
Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse, 1784.
Thomas Gainsborough, Mrs. Siddons, 1785.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grand Tour = educational tour of Europe (especially Italy)
 
Antonio Canaletto, Riva degli Schiavoni, Venice, c. 1735 - 1740.
Pompeo Batoni, Charles John Crowle, c. 1761 - 1762.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Angelica Kauffmann, Cornelia Points to Her Children as Her Treasures, c. 1758.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Events of the American Revolution
1775 - 1783
 
1773
Boston Tea Party
1775
Battle of Lexington and Concord
1776
Declaration of Independence
1787-1788
Constitution ratified
1789
George Washington elected first President
   
John Singleton Copley, Paul Revere, c. 1768 - 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Washington
George Washington
Jean-Antoine Houdon, George Washington, 1788 - 1792.
Horatio Greenough, George Washington, 1832 - 1834.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe

Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe
Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.