Setting the Stage
la rinascita = rebirth; term used to describe a period in European history from the 14th to 15th century; first used in Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Most Excellent Artists, 1550

Roettgen Pieta, Germany, c. 1300 - 1325.












Chicago Manual of Style Footnote citations (no Bibliography)

1 Author’s name, Title (Place of publication: Publisher, date), page #.

Single Author Book

2 Steven T. Brown, Tokyo Cyberpunk: Posthumanism in Japanese Visual Culture (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), 124.

Magazine or Journal Article

3 Bill Wasik, “#Riot: How Social Media Fuels Social Unrest.” Wired, January 2012, 76-83.

Journal Article Accessed through Online Database or Website
4 Erwin Panofsky, “Jan Van Eyck’s Arnolfini Portrait,” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 64, no. 372 (1934): 117-119, & 122-127, accessed June 2016,
Additional Resources:
Purdue OWL CMS style guide
Berkeley's guide to evaluating sources











The Questions Art Historians Ask
Chronology = When was it made? How old is it?
Provenance = Where was it made? Who paid for it, and when?
Artist = Who made it? Under what conditions was the work conceived?
Style = How does it look? Is that look particular to a time, place or artist?
Subject = Who and what is depicted? What story is being told?
Iconography = What symbols are used and what do they mean?
Form = How was the work composed and made?
Consider the formal elements such as composition, materials, technique, line, color, texture, space, mass, volume, perspective, foreshortening, proportion, scale, etc.











To analyze a work of art:
1. Describe the work
2. What questions do you ask of the work?
3. Choose a method to better understand the work

Remember, you the viewer, use the method to better understand the artwork. Sometimes the artist uses a method to make the work, but the work NEVER uses the methods because it's a thing, not a person.

4. Develop an argument that articulates meaning
Bernini, Damned Soul, 1619.