English Rococo
"Close your bodily eye, so that you may see your picture first with your spiritual eye then bring to the light of day that which you have seen in the darkness so that it may react on others from the outside inwards." - Caspar David Friedrich
Exam 2 will be posted on Blackboard, Saturday, November 4
Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer Above a Sea of Mist, c. 1818.











Death of Marat
Jacobins = totalitarian democrats who abolished the French monarchy and presided over the reign of terror
The Reign of Terror = period during the French Revolution when all perceived opponents of democracy and royal supporters were killed
Jean-Paul Marat = Jacobin leader and writer/ publisher of several political journals
"I wrote to you this morning, Marat, have you received my letter? I could not believe you had, as they refused me admittance; I trust that tomorrow you will accord me an interview. I repeat that I come from Caen. I have secrets to reveal to you of the utmost importance to the safety of the Republic. Besides all this, I am persectured for the cause of liberty. I am unhappy; this itself is sufficient to give me a claim on your protection. Charlotte Corday"
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.











Death of Marat

Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.











"The Pieta of the Revolution"
Death of Marat
Michelangelo, Pietà, c. 1500.
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.











The Swing
Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787.











English Rococo
British middle class wanted:
  • Portraits
  • Moralizing genre scenes
  • Landscapes
Reflected Enlightenment values:
  • Interest in social progress
  • Embrace of natural beauty
  • Faith in reason and science
William Hogarth, The Marriage Contract from Marriage a la Mode, 1743 - 1745.










Joseph Wright, An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump, 1768.











Thomas Gainsborough, Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, c. 1748 - 1749.