Marie Antoinette

“I was a queen, and you took away my crown; a wife, and you killed my husband; a mother, and you deprived me of my children. My blood alone remains: take it, but do not make me suffer long.”

- Marie Antoinette after being convicted of treason

Franz Xaver Wagenshon, Marie Antoinette, 1769 - 1770.












Francois Boucher, Diana After the Hunt, 1745.











The Swing

Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.











Louis and Marie were married in 1770 when he was 16 and she was 15

Louis c. 1770
Joseph Ducreux, Marie Antoinette, 1768.












In 1774, he became the French King, and she became the Queen of France, in 1774

Louis XVII Coronation

Marie Antoinette 1778

Joseph Siffred Duplessis, 
Louis XVI in Coronation Robes, 1777.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette, 1778.












Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with Rose
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette en Chemise, 1783.
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette with Rose, 1783.










Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787.











Alexandre Kucharski, Unfinished portrait of Marie-Antoinette, 1774 - 1792.
Jacques-Louis David, Marie Antoinette Awaiting Execution, 1793.











Significant Events of the French Revolution
1789 - 1799
Storming of the Bastille
Royal family removed from Versailles under house arrest
After much persuassion, Louis XVI agrees to attempt escape, but the royal family is caught within 24 hours and returned to Paris.
Royal family imprisoned in prison tower
Monarchy abolished and National Convention becomes governing body
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette convicted of high treason and beheaded
European states declare war against French Republic
1793 - 1795
Reign of Terror
Robespierre outlaws worship of God
40,000 suspected "royalists" killed
1796 - 1797
Napoleon conquers most of Italy
Napoleon abolishes papal rule
Napoleon controls France











Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 - 1785. 10' 8 1/4" X 14'.











Neoclassicism = new classicism
Characteristics of the Neoclassic style:
  • "Severe" style with an emphasis on line, order and reason
  • Polished technique (no sign of the hand of the artist)
  • Classicizing
  • Idealized
  • Moral message
  • Clear detail
Jacques-Louis David, The Sabine Women, 1799.











Death of Socrates
"Viewed by many as the founding figure of Western philosophy, Socrates (469-399 BC) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the Greek philosophers. His style of teaching-immortalized as the Socratic Method-involved not conveying knowledge but rather asking question after clarifying question until until his students arrived at their own understanding. He wrote nothing himself, so all that is known about him is filtered through the writings of a few contemporaries and followers, most of all, his student Plato. He was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced to death. Choosing not to flee, he spent his final days in the company of his friends before drinking the executioner’s cup of poisonous hemlock," - History Channel
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787.