Flemish Flourishes
 

Jan Vermeer, The Kitchen Maid, c. 1658.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
 
17th century Netherlands split:
1576
Antwerp sacked by Spanish troops and looses half its population
1581
Netherlandish provinces declare independence from Spain; Spain soon recovers Flanders
1648
United Dutch Republic (Holland) gains freedom from Spanish rule after 80 years of war
 
Flanders =
Southern Netherlands

Flower Still Life

Antwerp

  • Remains Catholic under Spanish rule
  • Artists rely on Church and Spanish regents for commissions
Holland =
Northern Netherlands
Modern Belgium, part of France, Amsterdam, Haarlem, Utrecht, Levden and Delft
  • Gain independence from Spain
  • Reformed Church tolerates Protestants, Catholics and Jews
  • Artists compete for private patrons and specialize in new genres
   
Rachel Ruysch, Flower Still Life, After 1700.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Proposition
The Procuress
Judith Leyster, The Proposition, 1631.
Dirck van Baburen, The Procuress, 1622.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frans Hals, Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of Saint Adrian, c. 1627.

 

Velazquez's influence:
 
Loose brushwork
Optical effects
Patches of color

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frans Hals, Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of Saint Adrian,
c. 1627.
Judith Leyster, Self-Portrait, 1635.