Northern Baroque
Reminder! Assignment 2 is due
Monday, October 28.
Caravaggio, David with the Head of Goliath, c. 1610.











Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew
Jusepe de Ribera, Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, 1634.
Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Serapion, 1628.











Magdalen with Smoking Flame
Georges de La Tour, Magdalen with the Smoking Flame,
c. 1640.
Georges de La Tour, Joseph the Carpenter,
c. 1645.











Water Carrier of Seville

Diego Velazquez, Water Carrier of Seville, c. 1619.











Maids of Honor

Diego Velazquez, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656.






















Historical Context
17th century Netherlands split:
Antwerp sacked by Spanish troops and looses half its population
Netherlandish provinces declare independence from Spain; Spain soon recovers Flanders
United Dutch Republic (Holland) gains freedom from Spanish rule after 80 years of war


Flanders =
Southern Netherlands


  • Remains Catholic under Spanish rule
  • Artists rely on Church and Spanish regents for commissions










Italian Influence:
Flemish Influence:
  • Michelangelo's muscular bodies
  • Treatment of foliage
  • Caravaggio's foreshortening
  • Attention to detail
  • Intense emotion
  • Rich color


Raising of the Cross

Peter Paul Rubens, The Raising of the Cross, 1610 - 1611.


Raising of the Cross in situ











Characteristics of Rubens' style:
  • Dramatic, theatrical and dynamic
  • Fleshy, lively and robust figures
  • Composition revolves around light and and color
Rubens, Embarkation of Marie de Medici at Marselles, 1623 - 1625.






















The Garden of Love

Peter Paul Rubens, The Garden of Love, c. 1638.