Baroque Spectacle
Visual Analysis 1 Due on Blackboard
Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Francis in Meditation, 1635 - 1639.











Baroque period
1600 - 1750
Characteristics of the Baroque Style:
  • Interest in light and space
  • Rich use of color and dramatic contrasts
  • Innovative illusionism
  • More emphasis on emotion than reason
  • Multi-media extravaganza
Gianlorenzo Bernini, David, 1623.











Tenebrism and Chiaroscuro
chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
tenebrism = use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting
  • Boldly illuminated figures set against dark backgrounds

  • Single light sourc that isusually outside of the picture plane
  • Use of unidealized bodies and non-professional models
  • Theatrical and dramatic composition
Those who followed Caravaggio's style
were called "the Caravaggisti"
Caravaggio, Entombment, 1603 - 1604.











Caravaggio, The Calling of St. Matthew, 1599 - 1600.











Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesci, Rome.












Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Beheading Holofernes, c. 1614 - 1620.










Judith Slaying Holofernes
Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes, c. 1599.
Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, c. 1623.












Orazio Gentileschi, Danae, c. 1623.
Artemisia Gentileschi, The Sleeping Venus, c. 1625 - 1630.






















Invisible complement = a compositional element that is implied rather than physically present
Gianlorenzo Bernini, David, 1623.











Bernini David
Donatello, David, c.1446 - 1460.
Michelangelo, David, 1501 - 1504.
Gianlorenzo Bernini, David, 1623.











Gianlorenzo Bernini, Saint Teresa of Avila in Ecstacy, 1645 - 1652.