New Realism
 

Bensussen Speaker
Dr. Jason De Léon
Thursday, October 17
Folino Theater in the Marion Knott Studios
at 7 PM

Caravaggio, David with the Head of Goliath, 1606.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden of Earthly Delights

Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, c. 1505 - 1515.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights (closed), c. 1505 - 1515.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hieronymus Bosch, detail Garden of Earthly Delights, c. 1505 - 1515.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Protestant Reformation
 
Four Apostles
1517 Luther post the "95 Theses"
        • Demands that the Catholic Church make 95 reforms
        • Thought devotion to the saints was distracting
        • Especially critical of the sale of indulgences
Demands:
  • rid the Church of pagan practices and rituals
  • promote importance of individual faith
  • placed responsibility on the faithful to read and interpret Bible for themselves
Albrecht Dürer, Four Apostles, 1526.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
1517
Beginning of Protestant Reformation
1520
Death of Raphael
1527
Sack of Rome - end of High Renaissance
1534
Henry VIII breaks from Catholic Church and establishes Church of England
1543
Copernicus publishes theory in which planets revolve around sun
First scientific study of human anatomy based on dissections published
1545 - 1563
Counter Reformation begins with Council of Trent
1550
Giorgio Vasari publishes The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects
1558 - 1603
Elizabeth I reigns in England
1564 - 1616
William Shakespeare
1581
Netherlands declare independence from Spain
   
Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg Germany on October 31, 1517.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baroque period
1600 - 1750
Characteristics of the Baroque Style:
  • Interest in light and space
  • Rich use of color and dramatic contrasts
  • Innovative illusionism
  • More emphasis on emotion than reason
  • Multi-media extravaganza
Caravaggio, The Incredulity of Thomas, 1601-1602.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"New Realism" of Caravaggio
Caravaggio, Conversion of Saul, 1601.
Chapel in Santa Maria del Popolo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tenebrism and Chiaroscuro
 
chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
 
tenebrism = use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting
 
  • Boldly illuminated figures set against dark backgrounds

  • Single light sourc that isusually outside of the picture plane
  • Use of unidealized bodies and non-professional models
  • Theatrical and dramatic composition
 
Those who followed Caravaggio's style
were called "the Caravaggisti"
 
Caravaggio, Entombment, 1603 - 1604.