New Realism

Reminder! Essay 2 due on Tuesday

Exam 2 due date has been moved to November 7

Claude Perraul, Louis Le Vau, and Charles Le Brun, The Cour Carrée of the "Old Louvre", west facade of the Louvre, Paris, France, 1667 - 1670.












Caravaggio, The Calling of St. Matthew, 1599 - 1600.











Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesci, Rome.











"New Realism" of Caravaggio
Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601.











Tenebrism and chiaroscuro
chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
tenebrism = use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting
  • Boldly illuminated figures set against dark backgrounds

  • Single light sourc that isusually outside of the picture plane
  • Use of unidealized bodies and non-professional models
  • Theatrical and dramatic composition
Those who followed Caravaggio's style
were called "the Caravaggisti"
Caravaggio, Entombment, 1603 - 1604.











Judith Slaying Holofernes

Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes, c. 1599.












Lavinia Fontana, Judith and Holofernes, 1613.

Elisabetta Sirani, Judith with the Head of Holofernes, c. 1660.











Orazio Gentileschi, Danae, c. 1623.
Artemisia Gentileschi, The Sleeping Venus, c. 1625 - 1630.











Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Beheading Holofernes, c. 1614 - 1620.











Baroque Illusionistic Ceiling Painting


Two Baroque approaches to decorated ceilings:
Illusionistic ceiling composition = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting that uses the real architecture of the space to create the illusion of an open space
Quadro riportato = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting composed as if each scene were a framed easel painting
Giovanni Battista Gaulli, The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned, 1672 - 1685.











Annibale Carracci, Ceiling of gallery, Palazzo Farnese, 1597 - 1601.


Frescoes in the Palazzo Farnese











Quadro riportato
Illusionistic ceiling composition
Guido Reni, Aurora, 1615 - 1618.
Guercino, Aurora, 1621 - 1623.











Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta, Santissimo Nome di Gesu, Rome, Italy, 1568 - 1580.











Triumph in the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned

Giovanni Battista Gaull, The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned, 1672 - 1685.


IHS = monogram of Jesus


Detail of Il Gesu ceiling











Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew
Jusepe de Ribera, Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, 1634.
Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Serapion, 1628.