New Realism
 

Reminder! Essay 2 due on Tuesday

 
Exam 2 due date has been moved to November 7

Claude Perraul, Louis Le Vau, and Charles Le Brun, The Cour Carrée of the "Old Louvre", west facade of the Louvre, Paris, France, 1667 - 1670.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caravaggio, The Calling of St. Matthew, 1599 - 1600.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesci, Rome.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"New Realism" of Caravaggio
 
Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tenebrism and chiaroscuro
 
chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
 
tenebrism = use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting
 
  • Boldly illuminated figures set against dark backgrounds

  • Single light sourc that isusually outside of the picture plane
  • Use of unidealized bodies and non-professional models
  • Theatrical and dramatic composition
 
Those who followed Caravaggio's style
were called "the Caravaggisti"
 
Caravaggio, Entombment, 1603 - 1604.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith Slaying Holofernes

Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes, c. 1599.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith
Judith

Lavinia Fontana, Judith and Holofernes, 1613.

Elisabetta Sirani, Judith with the Head of Holofernes, c. 1660.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orazio Gentileschi, Danae, c. 1623.
Artemisia Gentileschi, The Sleeping Venus, c. 1625 - 1630.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Beheading Holofernes, c. 1614 - 1620.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baroque Illusionistic Ceiling Painting

 

Two Baroque approaches to decorated ceilings:
Illusionistic ceiling composition = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting that uses the real architecture of the space to create the illusion of an open space
 
Quadro riportato = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting composed as if each scene were a framed easel painting
 
 
Giovanni Battista Gaulli, The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned, 1672 - 1685.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annibale Carracci, Ceiling of gallery, Palazzo Farnese, 1597 - 1601.

 

Frescoes in the Palazzo Farnese

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quadro riportato
Illusionistic ceiling composition
Aurora
Aurora
Guido Reni, Aurora, 1615 - 1618.
Guercino, Aurora, 1621 - 1623.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta, Santissimo Nome di Gesu, Rome, Italy, 1568 - 1580.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Triumph in the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned

Giovanni Battista Gaull, The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned, 1672 - 1685.

 

IHS = monogram of Jesus

 

Detail of Il Gesu ceiling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew
Jusepe de Ribera, Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, 1634.
Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Serapion, 1628.