Mannerism
 

Burial of Count Orgaz

"The Baroque style favored dramatic and intense subjects, rich textures, and exaggerated lighting. It sought to convince, not through reason, but by illusion, and by overwhelming the senses and emotions." - Marilyn Stokstad

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos), Burial of Count Orgaz, 1586.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sacra conversazione
 
paragoni = comparisons
   
disegno = drawing and design
colore or colorito = colored or painted
 
 
Bellini, Madonna and Child with Saints (San Zaccaria Altarpiece), 1505.
Raphael, Sistine Madonna, 1513 - 1514.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Giorgione, The Tempest, 1505 - 1510.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pastoral Concert

Titian and/or Giorgione, The Pastoral Concert, c. 1508.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
1517
Beginning of Protestant Reformation
1520
Death of Raphael
1527
Sack of Rome - end of High Renaissance
1534
Henry VIII breaks from Catholic Church and establishes Church of England
1543
Copernicus publishes theory in which planets revolve around sun
First scientific study of human anatomy based on dissections published
1545 - 1563
Counter Reformation begins with Council of Trent
1550
Giorgio Vasari publishes The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects
1558 - 1603
Elizabeth I reigns in England
1564 - 1616
William Shakespeare
1581
Netherlands declare independence from Spain
   
Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg Germany on October 31, 1517.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Protestant Reformation
 
Four Apostles
1517 Luther post the "95 Theses"
95 Reforms he demands the Catholic Church make
Especially critical of the sale of indulgences
 
Demands:
  • to rid the Church of pagan practices and rituals
  • promote importance of individual faith
 
  • thought devotion to the saints was distracting
  • placed responsibility on the faithful to read and interpret Bible for themselves
Albrecht Dürer, Four Apostles, 1526.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isenheim Altarpiece (closed)

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), c. 1512 - 1515.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diagram of the Isenheim Altarpiece

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INRI
Jesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum = Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews
   
"The victims had no hope of recovery and this image was intended to bring them comfort and to reinforce their faith- the message is that Christ, whose broken body is shown covered in sores like those caused by the plague, understands their condition and suffers with them and for them." - Marilyn Stokstad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism
1520 to late 16th century
 
maniera = artificial
 
 
Michelangelo, Last Judgment, 1536 - 1541.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo, detail of the Last Judgment, 1536 - 1541.