Maniera
 

Burial of Count Orgaz

"The Baroque style favored dramatic and intense subjects, rich textures, and exaggerated lighting. It sought to convince, not through reason, but by illusion, and by overwhelming the senses and emotions." - Marilyn Stokstad

Infographic Due

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos), Burial of Count Orgaz, 1586.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism
1520 to late 16th century
 
maniera = artificial
 
 
Michelangelo, Last Judgment, 1536 - 1541.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo, detail of the Last Judgment, 1536 - 1541.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism refers to the movement in the visual arts that spread through much of Europe between the High Renaissance and Baroque periods. It originated in Italy, where it lasted from about 1520 to 1600, and can be described as “mannered” in that it emphasized complexity and virtuosity over naturalistic representation. While the formal vocabulary of Mannerism takes much from the later works of Michelangelo and Raphael, its adherents generally favored compositional tension and instability rather than the balance and clarity of earlier Renaissance painting. Some characteristics common to many Mannerist works include distortion of the human figure, a flattening of pictorial space, and a cultivated intellectual sophistication.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renaissance vs. Mannerist Styles
   
  • Sought equilibrium
  • Sought instability
  • Harmonious
  • Dissonant
  • Reasonable
  • Emotional
  • Realistic
  • Imaginiative
Jacopo da Pontormo, Entombment of Christ, 1525 - 1528.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sacra conversazione
 
paragoni = comparisons
   
disegno = drawing and design
colore or colorito = colored or painted
 
 
Bellini, Madonna and Child with Saints (San Zaccaria Altarpiece), 1505.
Raphael, Sistine Madonna, 1513 - 1514.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Mannerism:
  • Extraordinary technical skill
  • Elegant composition
  • Irrational spatial effects
  • Figures with elongated proportions, exaggerated pose, and enigmatic gestures
  • Erotic imagery
Rosso Fiorentino, Marriage of the Virgin, 1523.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Madonna with the Long Neck
Titian, Pesaro Madonna, 1526.
Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, 1534 - 1540.