Assignment #9 Due on Wednesday Please be prepared to present what you made during class The "Holy Lance" and the Medieval Crusades
919 - 1024
Charlemagne's empire survived less than 30 years after his death in 814.
Empire divided between his grandsons in 843
Charles the Bald - West Frankish King Louis the German - East Frankish King Lothair I - middle kingdon and Hloy Roman Empire Otto III enthroned from the Gospel Book of Otto III, Germany, 997 - 1000. Tempera on vellum, 1' 1" X 9 3/8".
Carolingian Ottonian Front Cover Lindau Gospels, ca. 870. Crucifix commissioned by Archbishp Gero for Cologne Cathedral, Germany, ca. 970. Height of figure 6' 2".
Jesus Washing the Feet of St. Peter, from the Gospel Book of Otto III, 997 - 1000. Tempera on vellum, 13 X 9 3/8".
The process of manuscript illumination and binding
Saint Michael's, Hildesheim, Germany, 1001 - 1031.
Doors with relief panels commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's of Hildesheim, Germany, 1015.
Bronze, height approx. 16'.
God Accusing Adam & Eve, detail of the left door of Saint Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, Germay.
Bronze, approx. 23" X 43".
Medieval 500 - 1600 859 - 1088 First universities established Byzantine 500 - 1453 Carolingian Empire 800 - 900 Ottonian Empire 919 - 1024 Romanesque 1050 - 1200 1054 Division of Eastern Orthodox Church and WesternRoman Catholic Church 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquers England 1095 - 1099 First Crusade called by the Pope to retake the Holy Lands from Muslims Gothic 1150 - 1400 c. 1140 Lady Godiva rides naked through the marketplace to get her husband to lower coventry taxes 1147 Second Crusade 1180 - 1192 Third Crusade 1204 Crusaders' sack and occupy Constantinople 1250 Persecution of witches begins in France 1261 Byzantines recapture Constantinople 1280 Wearable eyeglasses invented in Italy 1337 - 1453 One Hundred Years War between France and England 1340s Black Death/ The Plague kills about 75 million people worldwide 1378 - 1417 Great Schism 1387 - 1400 Chaucer's Canterbury Tales 1405 Christine de Pizan's Book of the City of Ladies 1429 Joan of Arc defeats the English for France, becomes a scapegoat and is sent back to England by her country where she is burned at the stake 1453 Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople, end of Byzantine Empire
Plan of Saint James Santiago de Compostela, Spain, ca. 1075 - 1120.
Nave Saint James Santiago de Compostela, Spain, ca. 1075 - 1120.
The "Holy Right," believed to be right hand of Hungarian Saint Stephen I, Budapest.
Head reliquary of Saint Alexander, from the abbey church, Stavelot, Belgium, 1145.
Silver repousse, gilt bronze, gems, pearls, and enamel. 1' 5 1/2" high.
Romanesque = in the Roman manner Features of Romanesque architecture: Round Arch Solid masonry walls Rounded arches and vaults made with stone rather than cement Reflects rediscovery of Classic Greek and Roman texts by scholars Nave (view toward the apse, after restoration of 1950 - 1960), Saint Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, 1001 - 1031.
Interior of Saint-Etienne, Vignory, France, 10 50 - 1057.
Aerial view of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France, ca. 1070 - 1120.
barrel vault = series of arches forming a half cylinder Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France, ca. 1070 - 1120.
pointed arches Autun Cathedral, France, ca. 1130 - 1135.
Speyer Cathedral, Germany, begun 1030.
ribbed groin vault = formed by two intersecting barrel vaults Interior of Saint'Ambrogio, Milan, Italy, late 11th to early 12th century.
sexpartite vault Saint-Etienne, Caen, France, ca. 1115 - 1120.
Pisa cathedral complex, Pisa, Italy; baptistry begun 1153; cathedral begun 1063; campanile begun 1174.