Romanesque
 

Assignment #9 Due on Wednesday
Please be prepared to present what you made during class
 
 
The "Holy Lance" and the Medieval Crusades
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ottonian Art
919 - 1024
Charlemagne's empire survived less than 30 years after his death in 814.

Empire divided between his grandsons in 843

Charles the Bald - West Frankish King
Louis the German - East Frankish King
Lothair I - middle kingdon and Hloy Roman Empire
Otto III enthroned from the Gospel Book of Otto III, Germany, 997 - 1000. Tempera on vellum, 1' 1" X 9 3/8".
 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carolingian
Ottonian
   
Front Cover Lindau Gospels, ca. 870.
Crucifix commissioned by Archbishp Gero for Cologne Cathedral, Germany, ca. 970. Height of figure 6' 2".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jesus Washing the Feet of St. Peter, from the Gospel Book of Otto III, 997 - 1000. Tempera on vellum, 13 X 9 3/8".

 

The process of manuscript illumination and binding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Michael's, Hildesheim, Germany, 1001 - 1031.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Doors with relief panels commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's of Hildesheim, Germany, 1015.
Bronze, height approx. 16'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

God Accusing Adam & Eve, detail of the left door of Saint Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, Germay.
Bronze, approx. 23" X 43".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval 500 - 1600
859 - 1088
 
First universities established
Byzantine 500 - 1453
Carolingian Empire 800 - 900
Ottonian Empire 919 - 1024
Romanesque 1050 - 1200
1054
 
Division of Eastern Orthodox Church and WesternRoman Catholic Church
1066
 
Duke William of Normandy conquers England
1095 - 1099
 
First Crusade called by the Pope to retake the Holy Lands from Muslims
Gothic 1150 - 1400
c. 1140
 
Lady Godiva rides naked through the marketplace to get her husband to lower coventry taxes
1147
 
Second Crusade
1180 - 1192
 
Third Crusade
1204
 
Crusaders' sack and occupy Constantinople
1250
 
Persecution of witches begins in France
1261
 
Byzantines recapture Constantinople
1280
 
Wearable eyeglasses invented in Italy
1337 - 1453
 
One Hundred Years War between France and England
1340s
 
Black Death/ The Plague kills about 75 million people worldwide
1378 - 1417
 
Great Schism
1387 - 1400
 
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
1405
 
Christine de Pizan's Book of the City of Ladies
1429
 
Joan of Arc defeats the English for France, becomes a scapegoat and is sent back to England by her country where she is burned at the stake
1453
 
Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople, end of Byzantine Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pilgrimage Routes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan of Saint James Santiago de Compostela, Spain, ca. 1075 - 1120.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaytwenty.htm
Nave Saint James Santiago de Compostela, Spain, ca. 1075 - 1120.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaytwenty.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The "Holy Right," believed to be right hand of Hungarian Saint Stephen I, Budapest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Head reliquary of Saint Alexander, from the abbey church, Stavelot, Belgium, 1145.
Silver repousse, gilt bronze, gems, pearls, and enamel. 1' 5 1/2" high.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romanesque = in the Roman manner
 
Features of Romanesque architecture:
Round Arch
Solid masonry walls
Rounded arches and vaults made with stone rather than cement
Reflects rediscovery of Classic Greek and Roman texts by scholars
Nave (view toward the apse, after restoration of 1950 - 1960), Saint Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, 1001 - 1031.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayeightteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interior of Saint-Etienne, Vignory, France, 10 50 - 1057.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerial view of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France, ca. 1070 - 1120.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

barrel vault = series of arches forming a half cylinder
Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France, ca. 1070 - 1120.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pointed arches
Autun Cathedral, France, ca. 1130 - 1135.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speyer Cathedral, Germany, begun 1030.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ribbed groin vault = formed by two intersecting barrel vaults
Interior of Saint'Ambrogio, Milan, Italy, late 11th to early 12th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sexpartite vault
Saint-Etienne, Caen, France, ca. 1115 - 1120.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pisa cathedral complex, Pisa, Italy; baptistry begun 1153; cathedral begun 1063; campanile begun 1174.