Constantine & Justinian
Recreation of the Colossus of Constantine, c. 312 - 316 CE.











Ark of the Covenant and two menorahst, wall painting in Jewish catacomb, Villa Torlonia, Rome, 3rd century.











The Good Shepard, the Story of Jonah, and orants, painted ceiling
of the Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus, early 4th century.











Colossal head of Constantine, from the Basilica Nova, Rome, ca. 315 - 330. Marble, 8' 6" high.











Colossal hand and foot of Constantine, from the Basilica Nova, Rome, ca. 315 - 330.


The colossal statue of Constantine












Constantine and the Fall of the Roman Empire











Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova), Rome, 315 - 330.











Basilica = (Greek) royal house
Essential features of Early Christian Basilica:
  • Long nave flanked by aisles
  • Two-story colonnade
  • Lit by clerestory windows
  • Semicircular apse at either end
  • Wooden roof
Restored cutaway view of the Basilica Nova, Rome,
ca. 306 - 312.











Old Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, ca. 320 - 27. Approx. 394' long and 210' wide.











Jacopo Grimaldi, Interior of Old St. Peter's, Rome, 1619. Drawing.





















Plan of the Baths of Caracalla











Plan of Santa Costanza
Interior, Santa Costanza, Rome, ca. 337 - 351.











Early Christian architects achieved grandeur by:
Making the altar the focus
Placing the altar in front of the apse
Moving entrances to western end
Thus; arranging the temple along a single longitudinal axis
Interior (view toward the apse), San Apollinare,
Ravenna, 504 CE.