Imperial Rome
Art History Symposium
Kennedy Hall 237 A 
10 AM to 5 PM
 
 
 
 
The Gladiator & Sex Appeal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Man with portrait busts of his ancestors, late 1st century BCE. Marble, lifesize.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

verism = meticulous realism
 
patricians = wealthy upper class
plebians = lower class

Roman Man, 1st century BCE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greek "psychology"
Roman "objectivity"
   
Portrait Head, from Delos, ca. 80 BCE.
Bronze, 12 ¾".
Head of an old man, from Osimo, mid-first century BCE. Marble, life-size.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cosmopolitan Character of Roman Art
Etruscan elements:
  • Single entrance
  • Deep porch
  • High podium
  • Wide set of stairs in front
  • Wide cella
 
Greek elements:
  • Ionic columns
  • Engaged half-columns to approximate a Greek temple
 
Temple of Portunus (Temple of Fortuna Virilis), Rome, ca. 75 BCE. Tufa and Travertine.
Specifically Roman elements:
  • Built of tufa and travertine (but with a stucco overlay to imitate the appearance of a Greek temple)
  • Large, undivided cella

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Temple of Portunus (Temple of Fortuna Virilis), Rome, ca. 75 BCE. Tufa and Travertine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation of the Forum of Augustus
Maison Carree (modeled after the Forum of Augustus)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advantages of concrete:
  • Cheap, strong, easy to build with
  • Concrete shapes the space, rather than interrupts
  • Encouraged a radically different approach to architecture, an architecture that thought about the space it created rather than the mass that was built
 
Pont-du-Gard (Roman aqueduct), Nimes, France, ca. 16 BCE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advantages of the round arch:


  • Strong
  • Self-sustaining
  • Allows for wider open space
  • Variations create barrel and groin vaults
 
The Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome, ca. 70 - 80 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome, ca. 70 - 80 CE.

 

The Colosseum and Pantheon modeled

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pantheon (looking south), Rome, ca. 118 - 128 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation of original design for Pantheon and surrounding architecture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engineering Ingenuity of the Pantheon
 
  • Modeled after Roman bath design
  • Enormous cylinder, covered by hemispheric dome, 142' diameter
  • Walls made with 20' thick concrete masonry to support the dome
  • Inside of dome patterned with recessed coffers
    • Take away a significant amount of the mass and weight of the ceiling
  • Top of dome opens to an oculus = eye
    • Provides light and ventilation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

virtual tour of the Pantheon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arch of Titus Rome, Italy, after 81 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem, relief in passageway, Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE.
Marble, height 7’ 10”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Column of Trajan infographic
Lower portion of the Column of Trajan, Rome, 112 CE.
Marble, height of relief band approx. 50”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Egyptian Obelisk from Luxor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175 CE.
Bronze, over-lifes-ize. Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome.