The Fall of Rome
Exam 2 due on Thursday, November 5
Visual Thinker Lecture Series Report
Glen Schofield
CEO, Co-founder Sledgehammer Games
Tuesday, November 3
@ 7pm in Argyros Forum 209 B&C
The Gladiator & Sex Appeal











Pantheon (looking south), Rome, ca. 118 - 128 CE.











Recreation of original design for Pantheon and surrounding architecture











Engineering Ingenuity of the Pantheon
  • Modeled after Roman bath design
  • Enormous cylinder, covered by hemispheric dome, 142' diameter
  • Walls made with 20' thick concrete masonry to support the dome
  • Inside of dome patterned with recessed coffers
    • Take away a significant amount of the mass and weight of the ceiling
  • Top of dome opens to an oculus = eye
    • Provides light and ventilation











virtual tour of the Pantheon











First Style
"The Masonry Style"
goal = imitate the appearance of expensive marble panels placed, using painted stucco relief
Surface of the wall emphasize

First Style painting in the fauces of the Samnite House, Herculaneum, late 2nd century BCE.












Second Style
Second Style began to grow in popularity around 100 BC
goal = to dissolve the confining walls of a room and replace them with the illusion of an imaginary three-dimensional world
Emphasis on fantasy space

Gardenscape, Second Style wall paintings from the dining room of the Villa of Livia at Primaporta, ca. 30 - 20 BCE.












Cityscape, detail of a wall from a bedroom in the House of Publius Fannius Synistor, late 1st century CE.











Dionysiac mystery frieze, Second Style wall paintings in room 5 of the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, ca. 60 - 50 BCE.











Third Style
20 BC through mid first century AD
goal = Decoration of wall space with delicate, linear fantasies sketched on predominantly monochrome backgrounds
Presented in frames, similar to modern painted canvas
Detail of a Third Style wall painting from cubiculum 15 of the Villa of Agrippa Postumus, Boscotrecase, Italy, ca. 10 BCE. Fresco.












Fourth Style
Popular during the time of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
goal = unites elements of the preceding styles into one style most intricate of the styles
Fourth Style wall paintings in the Ixion Room, House of the Vettii, Pompeii, ca. 70 – 79 CE.










Augustus House, Herculaneum, primarily 1st century CE.
Apodyterium of Women's Baths, Herculaneum, 60 - 68 CE.











Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius











Phillip the Arabian, 244 - 249 BCE.











Aulus Metellus (Arringatore),
ca. 80 BCE, Bronze, Height 5' 7".
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175 CE. Bronze, over-lifes-ize. Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome.
Heroic portrait of Trebonianus Gallus, from Rome, 251 - 253 BCE. Bronze, 7' 11" high.